Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25th December, 1924 and was the tenth Prime Minister of India. It was in year 1996, he holds the office for thirteen days and from then he was in the office from year 1998 to 2004.
He is regarded as leader of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and has been the first Prime Minister through outside Indian National Congress party and served the complete five year term. He has been a parliamentarian for from four decades and Vajpayee was elected for Lok Sabha i.e. the Indian Parliament lower house and twice for Rajya Sabha (Upper house).
He has also served as the parliament member for Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh till year 2009. He retired from the active politics due to his worsening health conditions. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was among the founder members of Bhartiya Jana Sangh, that also he has headed. He has also been the External Affairs minister under the cabinet of Moraji Desai.
When the government of Janata collapsed, Vajpayee had restarted this Jana Singh as Bhartiya Janata Party in year 1980. It was on 25th December, 2014, the Indian president had announced that Bharat Ratna award, which is highest Indian civilian honor to Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It was done in a special gesture, which president of India had conferred the Bharat Ratna award to Atal Bihari Vajpayee and this was done in his residence and date being 27 March 2015. His birthday is on 25th December and has been declared as the good governance day.
Education and early life
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born to Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Krishna Devi on 25th December, 1924 in Gwalior. His grandparents, Pandit Shyam Vajpayee had went to Morena, Gwalior through his ancestral place that is Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh.
The father of Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the school master and poet in its hometown. Vajpayee has studied through the higher government school, Gorkhi, Gwalior. Atal Bihari Vajpayee has attended the Victoria college of Gwalior and also graduated in Hindi, Sanskrit and English with distinction. He had completed his post-graduation in political science with M.A. through Dayanand Vedic Anglo college and was also awarded with first class degree.
His activism has started with Kumar Sabha Arya of Gwalior, that is youth wing of Arya Samaj. Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the general secretary in year 1944. He has also joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as the Swayamsevak in year 1939. He was also influence3d through Babasaheb Apte and he has attended training camp of officers of RSS during the time of 1940 to 1944 and he also chooses to become the full time worker in year 1947.
Technically he was regarded as the pracharak. It was due to the partition riots that he gave up studying law. He was sent as the probationary pracharak (vistarak) to the state of Uttar Pradesh and then he quickly started working for newspapers of Rashtradharma Deendayal Upadhyaya and this was the Hindi monthly newspaper and also for the Panchjanya that is a Hindu weekly and also the dailies Veer Arjun and Swadesh. Atal Bihari has never married to anyone and had remained the bachelor for his entire life.
Political Career of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
It was in August 1942 when Atal Bihari Vajpayee was first exposed to the politics and his elder brother Prem was in custody of police for 23 days and this was during the movement of Quit India. His brother was released only when a written undertaking was expressed that there will be no involvement or participation in the struggle of Anti-British.
In year 1951, he was seconded through RSS and that was along with Deendayal Upadhayaya and they started working for the newly formed party that was Bhartiya Jana Sangh. This was a Hindu wing party that was in associated with RSS. He was also appointed as the national secretary of party that was in charge for Northern region and it was based in Delhi. Soon, he became the follower and also the party leader aide of Syama Prasad Mookerjee.
It was in year 1954, when Vajpayee had went to fast unto death along with Mookerjee in Kashmir and there he had protested against the perceived lower treatment of all non-Kashmiri Indian people that were visiting to the state. Moorkerjee died itself in prison during the time of strike. It was in year 1957, when Vajpayee had lost with Mahendra Raja Pratap from Mathura. It was at that time oratorical skills were so impressive and were felt by the Jawahar Lal Nehru the Prime Minister of India. He also predicted that Atal Bihari Vajpayee will become the Prime Minister of India one day.
It was by the virtue of his organizational and oratorical skills, he has also become the face of Jana Sangh. When Deendayal Upadhyaya had died, the blanket of leadership fell into the hands of Young Vajpayee. He also became the national president of Jana Sangh in year 1968 and this was along with Balraj Madhok, Nanaji Deshmukh and L.K. Advani and they led Jana Sangh to the national prominence.
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Why Atal Bihari Vajpayee will not go for Demonetisation?
The decision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the demonisation of high denomination currencies is historic, bold in long run. It is highly beneficial to Indian economy. It has been causing temporary hardships for every section of Indian society and disturbances in various sectors of the economy. However, it will benefit the country in long run. It will help in making the transactions easy, efficient and fast. This was also help in removing the unproductive intermediations and will also save for most productive resource that every human being is entitled to that is time.
The main questions arises here that whether Atal Bihari Vajpayee had allowed this step. It is kind of the coalition constraints that he was facing and it was in his first thirteen month term that was between the year 1998 and 1999 and his second term that was between 1999 and 2004. He would not have been able to take this decision as there was risk of creating suffering in people.