British have ruled over India for almost a century. It was a dark time for India. Once a beautiful and prosperous country, India has turned into a country of destruction and was soon expected to divide into separate entities. To avoid this, Indians joined hands, struggles, and fought against the British. The freedom Indians enjoy today is due to the collective struggle of our heroes, our freedom fighters. British rule had left a huge impact on the country. Each one of us should know about the heroism of the freedom fighters of India. Respecting and recognizing their struggles to provide us with the freedom we enjoy today is necessary. To inculcate feelings of nationalization in all, we have mentioned down below some freedom fighters to help you increase your knowledge and to pay these heroes tribute and respect.
Names and Information About the Freedom Fighters of India
The Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 02, 1869, and is the man behind the struggle for independence himself. He was a lawyer by profession and even practised law in South Africa for many reasons. Not only did he attain freedom for India but also participated in various movements for civil rights in both South Africa and India. He also became very famous after his Dandi March that he did to relieve taxes on salt. He was successful in attaining independence for the country and is lovingly called Bapu by all.
- Date of Birth: October 02, 1869
- Birth Place: Porbandar
- Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- Death: Assassinated on January 30, 1948
- Place of Death: New Delhi
- Wife: Kasturba Gandhi
Sardar Vallabhai Patel
The Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhai Patel was born in 1875 and is worldwide known for his acts of heroism and contributions. He was a lawyer by profession but left his work and instead focused on fighting for the country and attaining freedom for all. He became the deputy Prime Minister of India after the country gained independence in the year 1947. He dedicated himself to uniting the princely states with the country. He has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna, a prestigious award.
- Date of Birth: October 31, 1975
- Place of Birth: Nadia
- Full Name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
- Other Names: Iron Man of India, Bismarck of India
- Awards: Bharat Ratna
Born on November 14, 1889, and the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani, Jawaharlal Nehru is one of the main figures in the politics of India. He was both a politician and a freedom fighter. Popularly known as Pandit Nehru, he was motivated by Mahatma Gandhi’s struggle for attaining independence.
He was prime minister of India and the very first president of the INC (Indian National Congress). He was fond of children so on his every birthday children’s day is celebrated!
- Date of Birth: November 14, 1889
- Place of Birth: Prayagraj
- Death: May 27, 1964
- Place of Death: New Delhi
- Wife: Kamala Nehru
- Father: Motilal Nehru
Chandra Shekhar Azad
A close associate and friend of Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad was born in the year 1906 and has a great role in attaining freedom for the country.He was known for his fearlessness among the freedom fighters. He shot himself with a pistol after fighting a battle with British soldiers. He killed many enemies and refused to be captured and so gave his life and paved the way for other freedom fighters to fight against the British and free the nation.
- Date of Birth: July 23, 1906
- Place of Birth: Bhavra
- Death: February 27, 1931
- Place of Death: Chandrashekhar Azad Park
- Nick Name: Azad
- Parents: Sitaram Tiwari, Jagrani Devi
Rani Lakshmi Bai
Jhansi Ki Rani took birth in 1827, and in 1857, she became an inseparable member of the freedom fighters. Inspiring thousands of women with her bravery and fearless attitude, she fought against the British who had invaded her palace. She fought with her son tied on her back, on her horse’s back. She dies fighting for her home and people. She refused to bend before the British and broke all barriers and fought with great zeal. Even the British praise her for her bravery.
- Date of Birth: November 19, 1828
- Place of Birth: Varanasi
- Death: June 18, 1858
- Place of Birth: Gwalior
- Full Name: Manikarnika Tambe
- Parents: Moropant Tambe, Bhagirathi Sapre
- Husband: Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar
- Child: Damador Rao of Jhansi, Anand Rao
One of the most controversial fighters of freedom, Bhagat Singh was a famous revolutionary and gave his life to the country. Born to a Sikh family in the year 1907, he was a born patriot. In 1921,He joined the Non-Cooperation Movement and in fact, he was 14 years old at that time. He started the Naujawan Bharat Sabha to inculcate nationalism and patriotism in the youth of the country. In the Chauri-Chaura Massacre incident, Bhagat Singh was one of the extremists. He died young, fighting for the country.
- Date of Birth: September 28, 1907
- Place of Birth: Banga, Pakistan
- Death: March 23, 1931
- Place of Death: Lahore
- Parents: Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu, Vidyavati
India’s struggle against attaining independence from the British has been an overwhelming ride for all. Millions of men and women went against the British. Lives were lost and imprisoned. The British tried many measures and used their divide and rule policy to conquer India. People were tortured at the hands of the British but Indians neither accepted defeat nor bent in front of the British. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, from Assam to Gujarat, people joined their hands and came as a united force against the British. Their freedom struggle and the contributions and heroism of the freedom fighters of India made our country independent and free from the clutches and rule of the British.